ASDs: WHAT ARE THEY?
This section explains AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER and changes in the ICD-II (2018) and DSM-5 (2013)
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER - There are two established systems for identifying disorders:
The International Classification of Diseases, Eleventh Revision, (ICD-11) produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) and updated in June, 2018, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH updated from the DSM-IV-TR in early 2013).
ICD-10-CM (Clinical Modification) was recently updated to the Eleventh Revision, (ICD-11) in June 2018. The updated revision for the ICD-11 eliminates Asperger's Syndrome following the DSM-5 update in 2013. The new ICD-11 groups all previous Pervasive Developmental Disorders into Autism Spectrum Disorders following with the DSM-5. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes. This includes the analysis of the general health situation of population groups.
DSM-5 was updated from DSM-IV-TR in early 2013. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals. The diagnostic classification is the list of the mental disorders that are officially part of the DSM system. The DSM consists of three major components: the diagnostic classification, the diagnostic criteria sets, and the descriptive text. ICD-11 uses the same classifications from the DSM-5.